Today, a wide range of construction methods are used across projects of all shapes and sizes. Each method requires a contractor with the specific expertise, experience, and skill set to perform the work properly.
Whether you’re planning to break ground on a large commercial project or need a few contractors for a simple residential job, here are 12 different types of contractors you might need to hire for your next project.
1. General Contracting
If you’re looking to build new construction, an addition, or anything beyond a very simple residential job, you’ll most likely need to hire a general contractor to manage your project.
General contractors are often responsible for hiring other contractors, meeting customer schedules, and serving as the middleman between clients and subcontractors.
The role of the excavator is to prepare a site for construction. Renovations aside, most construction projects require excavators to clear unwanted earth and debris from the land so that a proper foundation can be laid.
Because excavation contractors have access to a fleet of large machinery, their days are spent removing large amounts of dirt, digging trenches, and removing excess forestry.
3. Glass and Glazing
Glass and glazing contractors cut and install a wide range of glass products, including windows, curtain walls, skylights, and more. Contractors that are also manufacturers use engineering presses, grinding machines, and other tools to build high-quality glass products.
On renovation projects, glass contractors will typically remove all of the old glass before installing and sealing the new glass.
While not typically required on residential projects, aside from the occasional beam in a renovation, steel is used throughout the majority of commercial and industrial projects.
Many steel installers are also fabricators—cutting, welding, bending, painting, and applying finishes to raw materials in-house or out in the field.
Wood is a material that is frequently used throughout a construction project. Whether it’s for framework or furnishings, it’s likely that you’ll need to hire a carpenter on your next project.
In addition to wood, carpenters are often able to cut and install other materials, such as plastics, fiberglass, and more.
Masonry is one of the more durable and proven construction methods. The mason uses stone, brick, mortar, and other materials to develop visually pleasing structures and finishes.
Many projects—and residential projects in particular—have stonework needs, whether it’s stone pavers, stone walls, or marble countertops.
The duties of the landscaper go far beyond mowing lawns and trimming hedges. Today, landscaping contractors are required to build parks and gardens, plant trees and flowers, and enhance outdoor spaces.
Landscapers also install irrigation and drainage systems, ensuring that all greenery receives a regulated supply of water.
Regardless of whether a project is residential, commercial, or industrial, almost all projects have electrical needs.
Of course, not all electrical requirements are the same and electrical contractors have various specializations—outside, inside, and IBS contractors, to name a few of the more common options.
9. Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning
Heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning are features we often take for granted until they go missing.
Of course, homes and businesses alike require proper heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning from professional HVAC contractors. Not only will these specialists install systems at the time of a new build but they will also maintain and repair these systems as they are due to be serviced.
The roofing contractor covers structures with shingles, slate, and other materials to help protect the building from the elements and safeguard it against leaks or drafts.
However, the roofer’s job doesn’t end once new construction has been completed. As roofs deteriorate over time, especially when continuously exposed to severe weather conditions, the roofing contractor frequently needs to perform repairs.
Depending on the materials used, most roofs are expected to last between 20 and upwards of 50 years.
Drywall uses a combination of gypsum, paper, and other materials to line walls and ceilings. Beyond hiding a building’s framework, drywall can also be used to create unique architectural features.
A drywall contractor is one of the last contractors you’ll need to hire for a construction project, as the work is most often performed towards the final stages of the build.
Painting involves a somewhat limited skill set but it can be a time-consuming task. While you may be able to manage painting a room or two in your home, painting a full house or a larger building typically requires the services of a painting contractor.
Additionally, painters may have experience with wallpapering, staining, and other services that you may need for your project.